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Category Archives: Fritzing

Maker Inspiration-WHERE to GET Information to Stay Informed?

Maker Inspiration-WHERE to GET Information to Stay Informed?

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whats-in-a-makerspace

Image credit. please click on it to view its source.

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Maker Inspiration-WHERE to GET Information to Stay Informed?

Well, you jumped in into the world of makers (OR want to do SO soon…) and you feel comfortable with it? You found out THAT it is important to learn about THAT movement as it brings out creativity and a BETTER understanding in EDUcation WHEN one touches the stuff and it is done by YOURSELF???!!! You learned THAT <===> #LEARNingByDoing <===> is VERY important???!!! THEN, of course you would like to stay informed about WHAT is going on around in the world of THAT movement, ISN’T it???

I would suggest you to read my following blog posts first, please, before I will give you some VERY interesting links to stay Up-To-Date:

SO, NOW you have the necessary information about WHAT it is! Let us look NOW WHERE WE can find inspiration, news, tutorials, etc. for our interests:

This list will GET updated as soon as I have found new resources…

Please, read ALSO:

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L’auteur Gust MEES est Formateur andragogique / pédagogique TIC, membre du “Comité Conseil” de “Luxembourg Safer Internet” (LuSI), appelé maintenant BEESECURE, partenaire officiel (consultant) du Ministère de l’éducation au Luxembourg du projet  ”MySecureIT“, partenaire officiel du Ministère du Commerce au Luxembourg du projet ”CASES” (Cyberworld Awareness and Security Enhancement Structure).


The author Gust MEES is ICT Course Instructor, ”Member of the Advisory Board” from “Luxembourg Safer Internet” (LuSI), BEESECURE, Official Partner (Consultant) from the Ministry of Education in Luxembourg, project “MySecureIT“, Official Partner from the Ministry of Commerce in Luxembourg, project “CASES” (Cyberworld Awareness and Security Enhancement Structure).

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Stay tuned for next blog post(s) 😉

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First Steps with the Arduino-UNO R3 and NANO | Maker, MakerED, Coding | I2C LCD Temp./Humidity displaying

First Steps with the Arduino-UNO R3 and NANO | Maker, MakerED, Coding | I2C LCD Temp./Humidity displaying

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LCD1602 and LCD2004

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Displaying Temperature/Humidity on a I2C LCD 

We were already playing around, as seen on my tutorials below, with the Temperature/Humidity sensors DHT11, DHT22 and LCD1602, without I2C possibility. There were a lot of cables to connect, we will try out this time to use a LCD with I2C bus connection as it uses ONLY 4 wires to connect. It’s a perfect project for newbies in coding as they will see the measured values directly on the LCD screen, the success and happy factor is guaranteed!

Related tutorials:

 

Let us have first a look on the wiring (cabling) which is actually very easy, have a look below please:

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Fritzing-Wiring

====> Click image, please, to enlarge.

The wiring (cabling) will take about +/- 5-10 minutes depending on your own rhythm… Let us have a look on the coding now: we will use exactly the same code (Sketch) as in our first tutorial here, which we will change just a bit to fit for I2C LCD1602 display:

Copy&Paste the code from above tutorial where it is marked “I also made an example where I display the results on a LCD. Here’s the source code of that example:” and paste it into the Arduino IDE. Connect the Arduino NANO with your computer now. Open the Arduino IDE and choose the board “Arduino NANO”, see screenshot below, please:

Arduino-IDE-Board Manager-1

Click image, please, to enlarge.

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Next step, on the same Arduino IDE select the Processor:

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Arduino-IDE-Board Manager-OLD-NEW-BOOTLOADER

Click image, please, to enlarge.

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TIP: when the LED on the Arduino NANO is lightning GREEN it is an original NANO and you must choose “Atmega328P”; if the LED is lightning RED, it is a clone and you must choose “Atmega328P (Old Bootloader)”.

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NOW it is about time to adapt the code (Sketch) to an I2C-LCD1602 display, let us have a look on the Sketch (the original):

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OLD Code to change

Click image, please, to enlarge.

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As we can see in line 10: the library is meant for a normal LCD display, it needs to get changed for a “I2C LCD Library”.

In line 15: the same it shows the wiring pins for a normal LCD display, it needs to get changed for a “I2C LCD” display.

In line19: It is BETTER to add as well the I2C-Address, mostly “0x27” OR “0x3F”.

That is NOT much to change, we will see in the screenshot below the How-To:

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NEW Code to change

Click image please, to enlarge.

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By enlarging (click on the image) you will see by comparing where the changes are. I commented in the lines the WHY… Try it out to change it yourselves or just download the Sketch (Code) here below who is working:

Copy&Paste this code into a NEW Sketch on the Arduino IDE and upload now the code to the Arduino NANO (or Arduino UNO) and enjoy it! 😉 Here below a photo of the working sketch:

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DHT11 on LCD I2C Display

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And in case of that you have a I2C LCD with 20×4 configuration it works also, check photo below please:

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I2C LCD2004 and DHT11

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As you can see the two first lines from 4 possible lines are only used, that is normal as the Sketch (Code) is actually written for a 2 line LCD. BUT we can add some lines of code in the original Sketch to make it working on 4 lines, which is very easy actually, check below please for explication:

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Printing text on the LCD

Click image, please, to enlarge.

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As you can see in line 30 in above screenshot of the code ===> “lcd.setCursor(0,0); // Sets the location at which subsequent text written to the LCD will be displayed” the the line is set to “0” which means the first line on the LCD1602. By changing the value to “lcd.setCursor(0,1)” in line 30 and in line 34 to “”lcd.setCursor(0,2)” the text will be displayed as follows, see photo below please:

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I2C LCD2004 DHT11

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NOW, as you can see, we have two lines without any text where we could bring in some text. Let us try to find out HOW! We have seen already that “lcd.setCursor(0,0) above. We used in above example the lines 2 and 3 from 4 lines which were displayed as shown in above photo, right?

 

Printing text on the LCD in 4 lines

Click image, please, to enlarge.

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Check lines 26 and 27 and also lines 37 and 38: I added them, do the same and the text between the “………” you may change it with your OWN text what will result in following, check photo below, please:

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I2C LCD2004 4 lines of text

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BUT wait, my text looks centralized and yours NOT, HOW?! Check photo below, please which explains:

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4 Lines centered on I2C LCD

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Prices and where to order

 

LCD1602 + I2C Modul

LCD1602-I2C

Click image, please, to enlarge.

Arduino NANO

ARDUINO NANO

Click image, please, to enlarge.

 

LCD2004-I2C

Click image, please, to enlarge.

 

 Temperature/Humidity Sensors

DHT11

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Stay tuned for next blog post(s) 😉

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GUST-AVRIL2014-800px-2L’auteur Gust MEES est Formateur andragogique / pédagogique TIC, membre du “Comité Conseil” de “Luxembourg Safer Internet” (LuSI), appelé maintenant BEESECURE, partenaire officiel (consultant) du Ministère de l’éducation au Luxembourg du projet  ”MySecureIT“, partenaire officiel du Ministère du Commerce au Luxembourg du projet ”CASES” (Cyberworld Awareness and Security Enhancement Structure). L’auteur était aussi gagnant d’un concours en électronique en 1979 ( Pays germaniques ) et voyait son projet publié dans le magazine électronique “ELO”.


The author Gust MEES is ICT Course Instructor, ”Member of the Advisory Board” from “Luxembourg Safer Internet” (LuSI), BEESECURE, Official Partner (Consultant) from the Ministry of Education in Luxembourg, project “MySecureIT“, Official Partner from the Ministry of Commerce in Luxembourg, project “CASES” (Cyberworld Awareness and Security Enhancement Structure).

The author was also a winner of an electronics contest (Germanic countries) in 1979 and got his project published in the “Electronics Magazine ELO”.

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Keywords necessary for me to create this blog post: Arduino UNO R3, Arduino NANO, UNO R3 Project, LCD 1602, Sensors, DHT11,  DHT22, Temperature/Humidity Sensor, coding, learning to learn, learning by doing, trouble shooting, hygrometer, I2C, LCD 20×4,

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First Steps with the Arduino-UNO R3 | Maker, MakerED, Coding | Super Starter Kit UNO R3 Project

First Steps with the Arduino-UNO R3 | Maker, MakerED, Coding | Super Starter Kit UNO R3 Project

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Elegoo-Super Starter-Kit for Arduino UNO R3

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Super Starter Kit UNO R3 Project From Elegoo

Elegoo Super Starter-Kit Project Arduino UNO R3In one of my previous blog posts I used Arduino-UNO Starter Kit, which I ordered at Conrad (English version) and I wasn’t really impressed by the manual, it didn’t satisfy to my expectations and needs. SO, I was looking around to find some distributors for a BETTER version… At “Amazon US” I found Elegoo UNO Project Super Starter Kit with Tutorial for Arduino. First of all, the kit is delivered in a plastic box and its price is also attractive, $34.99.

The manual with the code, libraries and tutorials is on a DVD. So, I was looking first on the DVD and reading the Manual in PDF format to see the quality of the tutorials and the tutorials in PDF are very well documented. Once knowing WHAT is possible to do I made my choice for the “LCD-Tutorial“…

Below is the “Wiring diagram“, the How-To to connect the wires to make it work.

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LCD-Wiring Diagram

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As yo can see, it isn’t that much to do. Once the wiring ready, it is time to upload the code to the IDE and make it run to the success 😉 With the delivered code you will see the message “Hello World” on the LCD-Display.

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Hello World-LCD-Display

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Here below the code where the message “Hello World” is in.

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Hello World-LCD-Display-Code

 

SO, why not playing around a bit to understand the code and changing the text message in <===> lcd.print(“Hello, World!”); <===> into something different, something more personal!? That’s WHAT I did, here my code change:


lcd.begin(16, 2);
// Print a message to the LCD.
lcd.print(“Gust MEES – LCD”);


which shows up as, see image below please.

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Arduino-Change of code for LCD-Display

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The LCD-Display shows now my name as well (photo was taken when the counter was at 62) as my age, yes I am 62 years old (actually young, LOL); meaning that WHEN I can do this you for sure are able to do it! SO, WHAT are you waiting for to START learning about coding!!?

Reflecting for ideas:

SO, WHY not assembling everything into a box and use it as your personal “Door Name Display“, play around with some text and find out…

Ready, START, GO… Have fun by LEARNing-By-Doing 😉

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You may have a look on my other blog posts about Arduino below:

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GUST-AVRIL2014-800px-2L’auteur Gust MEES est Formateur andragogique / pédagogique TIC, membre du “Comité Conseil” de “Luxembourg Safer Internet” (LuSI), appelé maintenant BEESECURE, partenaire officiel (consultant) du Ministère de l’éducation au Luxembourg du projet  ”MySecureIT“, partenaire officiel du Ministère du Commerce au Luxembourg du projet ”CASES” (Cyberworld Awareness and Security Enhancement Structure). L’auteur était aussi gagnant d’un concours en électronique en 1979 ( Pays germaniques ) et voyait son projet publié dans le magazine électronique “ELO”.


The author Gust MEES is ICT Course Instructor, ”Member of the Advisory Board” from “Luxembourg Safer Internet” (LuSI), BEESECURE, Official Partner (Consultant) from the Ministry of Education in Luxembourg, project “MySecureIT“, Official Partner from the Ministry of Commerce in Luxembourg, project “CASES” (Cyberworld Awareness and Security Enhancement Structure).

The author was also a winner of an electronics contest (Germanic countries) in 1979 and got his project published in the “Electronics Magazine ELO”.

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Stay tuned for next blog post(s) 😉..
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Keywords necessary for me to create this blog post: Arduino Starterkit, Arduino UNO R3, Elegoo, quality kits, LCD, LCD Display, coding, Maker, MakerED, MakerSpaces, Electronics, Amazon US,

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First Steps with the Arduino-UNO | Maker, MakerED, Coding | Sensor-Kit SKA-36

First Steps with the Arduino-UNO | Maker, MakerED, Coding | Sensor-Kit SKA-36

HC-SR04-ULTRASONIC SENSOR.

 


First Steps with the Arduino-UNO | Maker, MakerED, Coding | Sensor-Kit SKA-36

Arduino Sensor-Kit SKA-36.

Got my package delivered with my ordered Arduino Sensor-Kit today (2 days later than expected…). First impressions: nice plastic suitcase (helps me to keep order…), 60 pins quality breadboard and cable-set, 40 sensors and a download link (www.joy-it.net/sensorkit/) for the code and description in German. The mentioned link isn’t up-to-date anymore and one gets redirected to another website http://sensorkit.joy-it.net/index.php?title=Hauptseite in German.

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Arduino Sensor-Kit SKA-36-40 sensors

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Some basic knowledge is necessary to get started with the sensors:

We need to know that for some project with sensors there is a special library which needs to get included into the sketch and that the results (measures) will get shown in the “Serial Monitor” as the “Sensor-Kit” doesn’t include a LCD-Display.

Find out more yourself with the links below, please:

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programmerman-animatedLearn more:

TIP for beginners: first copy&paste the code and let it run; check where are variables in the code, change them and see WHAT happens. You will understand the about how the code works 😉

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KY-050 with Ultrasonic Sensor HC-SR04 and Arduino Tutorial

Well, I didn’t like much the German description, so I was searching on the internet and I found some tutorials in English with a video tutorial, one simple sketch and one sketch with an LCD as well, very interesting <===> Ultrasonic Sensor HC-SR04 and Arduino Tutorial

Please check the videos below who explains very well how the code works:

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Another GREAT tutorial (my favorite), also with a video tutorial from Circuit basics could be found here HOW TO SET UP AN ULTRASONIC RANGE FINDER ON AN ARDUINO

And here below the video tutorial:

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Here below some values measured shown in the “Serial Monitor“:

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Measure results-KY-50

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The Temperature/Humidity Sensor KY-015

ky-015In the original IDE this sensor isn’t included yet, WE need to install it on the IDE. By checking the description website of the Sensorkit-SK36-KY-015, WE get told that the module needs a library to get included in the sketch and it’s also mentioning some download links. Actually the description (in German) is poor and I got worried! So I decided to look around on the internet and I found a BETTER description (in English) on the official Arduino website <===> Installing Additional Arduino Libraries <===> 

BUT the BEST tutorial I have found is on the Arduino website itself <===> DHT11 Temperature/Humidity Sensor <===> with a lot of screenshots and a step by step instruction from where to get the code of the library, how to install it, and an example sketch.

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Here below some values measured shown in the “Serial Monitor“:

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KY-015-SERIAL MONITOR

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Find below some addresses where you can GET different stuff to play around with:

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GUST-AVRIL2014-800px-2L’auteur Gust MEES est Formateur andragogique / pédagogique TIC, membre du “Comité Conseil” de “Luxembourg Safer Internet” (LuSI), appelé maintenant BEESECURE, partenaire officiel (consultant) du Ministère de l’éducation au Luxembourg du projet  ”MySecureIT“, partenaire officiel du Ministère du Commerce au Luxembourg du projet ”CASES” (Cyberworld Awareness and Security Enhancement Structure). L’auteur était aussi gagnant d’un concours en électronique en 1979 ( Pays germaniques ) et voyait son projet publié dans le magazine électronique “ELO”.


The author Gust MEES is ICT Course Instructor, ”Member of the Advisory Board” from “Luxembourg Safer Internet” (LuSI), BEESECURE, Official Partner (Consultant) from the Ministry of Education in Luxembourg, project “MySecureIT“, Official Partner from the Ministry of Commerce in Luxembourg, project “CASES” (Cyberworld Awareness and Security Enhancement Structure).

The author was also a winner of an electronics contest (Germanic countries) in 1979 and got his project published in the “Electronics Magazine ELO”).

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Keywords necessary for me to create this blog post: Arduino, coding, Maker, MakerED, sensors, learning by doing, autodidact, self-directed learning, Sensor-Kit SKA-36, ultrasonic kit, temperature-humidity-kit, electronics,

 

Stay tuned for next blog post(s) 😉..
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Maker-First steps in electronics-knowing WHERE to buy the stuff-Electronics Distributors

Maker-First steps in electronics-knowing WHERE to buy the stuff-Electronics Distributors

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variable-power-supply-parts-list-photo

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WHERE to buy the electronics stuff!?

I am getting very often asked from persons WHO follow my curation (ideas for makerspaces) and my blog posts WHERE they can buy the necessary proposed stuff. Please find below a non-exhaustive list:

List of online Electronics shops (mostly for Europe, but some are delivering ALSO global):

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GUST-AVRIL2014-800px-2L’auteur Gust MEES est Formateur andragogique / pédagogique TIC, membre du “Comité Conseil” de “Luxembourg Safer Internet” (LuSI), appelé maintenant BEESECURE, partenaire officiel (consultant) du Ministère de l’éducation au Luxembourg du projet  ”MySecureIT“, partenaire officiel du Ministère du Commerce au Luxembourg du projet ”CASES” (Cyberworld Awareness and Security Enhancement Structure). L’auteur était aussi gagnant d’un concours en électronique en 1979 ( Pays germaniques ) et voyait son projet publié dans le magazine électronique “ELO”.


The author Gust MEES is ICT Course Instructor, ”Member of the Advisory Board” from “Luxembourg Safer Internet” (LuSI), BEESECURE, Official Partner (Consultant) from the Ministry of Education in Luxembourg, project “MySecureIT“, Official Partner from the Ministry of Commerce in Luxembourg, project “CASES” (Cyberworld Awareness and Security Enhancement Structure).

The author was also a winner of an electronics contest (Germanic countries) in 1979 and got his project published in the “Electronics Magazine ELO”).

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Stay tuned for next blog post(s) 😉

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Maker-First Steps in Electronics-Building a Power Supply

Maker-First Steps in Electronics-Building a Power Supply

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dsc_0625

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Building a Variable Power Supply With Few Components

Variable Power Supply-work in progress

Click the image please to enlarge

In previous tutorial Maker-First Steps in Electronics, the basics WE got a bit the PracTICE of soldering and WE learned ALSO about schematics, resistors, LEDs, diodes and OHM’s Law. WE used ALSO a 9 Volt battery as a power supply for our projects; BUT batteries are expensive (3,99 €) and when playing around a lot on experimenting WE would use a lot of them. This will certainly be the case as on the beginning while tinkering around, my personal experience, as one is curios and tries out everything. Which is good by the way, but better is to build a variable power supply for few money and for small projects like WE are working on.

SO, let us have a look on the schematic about WHAT WE will create next. WE will discover some NEW components, such as a voltage regulator integrated circuit (IC), a variable resistor (potentiometer), capacitors, electrolytic capacitors… which WE will learn more about as well in this tutorial.

WE had already the experience with a stripboard, which we will continue (on the beginning) to build our variable power supply. It will be a very easy one with ONLY 10 components to solder on the stripboard. The tension will be adjustable  by a potentiometer (variable resistor) from 0-24 Volts and a maximum current of 1 Ampere. WE will ALSO provide it with a switch so that we can ALSO use it as a Volt-Meter to measure the tensions on our strip-board projects…

WE will ALSO learn to drill and to rasp as WE will enclose our project into an enclosure; well mechanics are part as well when one tinkers with electronics 😉

WE will solder measure points on the strip-board as well. so we can learn about measuring and to understand what is going on when AC gets through a rectifier bridge and becomes DC…

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Schematics

Electronic Schematics – Need-To-Know

BEST explication I have found and WHICH I agree!!! Electronic schematics are like recipes for electronics. They tell you what ingredients to use and how to mix the ingredients. But instead of using text to explain the recipe, a drawing is used.

Learn more:

Please check the schematics of OUR project below:

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variable-power-supply-schematics-test-screenshot

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The above schema was created with:

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Fuse

fuse-schematics

Rectifier bridge

bridge-rectifier-schematics

Voltage Regulator

voltage-regulators

Transformer

transformer-schematics

Capacitors and Polarized Capacitors (Electrolytic Capacitors)

 

capacitors-schematics

Variable Resistor (Potentiometer)

potentiometer

potentiometer-schematics

Resistors

resistor-schematics 

 

 

 

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Learn more:

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The Components and the Parts List

Please check below the photo to get familiarized with the parts.

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variable-power-supply-parts-list-photo

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In above image WE see parts which we used already in first tutorial <===> Electronics Starter Kit for Makers <===> such as resistors, diodes  and the stripbord. NEW components are (please check the links below to learn more):

This time WE will ALSO need to use some tools and mechanical parts; well electronics without mechanics doesn’t exist 😉 Will get explained in a new tutorial…

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List of online Electronics shops (mostly for Europe, but some are delivering ALSO global):

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Detailed parts list, supplier and prices

Please find below the detailed parts list as well as the supplier and the prices.

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Item and quantity

Supplier and order number

Price

1 x Transformer 230V/1A CONRAD: 710422 15,99€
1 x Bridge rectifier B40/C7000-4000 CONRAD: 501980  4,49€

2 x Electrolyte capacitor 1000uF/63V

CONRAD: 1472875 à 1,49€

 2,98€
1 x Diode 1N4007 CONRAD: 1262766 0,22€
1 x Resistor 100 Ω CONRAD: 405132  0,10€

1 x Potentiometer 4K7 Ω

CONRAD: 440778

1,99€

1 x Knob for potentiometer CONRAD: 715840 1,09€
1 x LM317T CONRAD: 176001  0,34€

1 x Capacitor MKS2-1uF/63V

CONRAD: 455318

1,49€
1 x Panel-Meter  CONRAD: 101950 35,99€
1 Heatsink for LM317T CONRAD: 183870  1,03€
1 x Mounting-Kit TO220 CONRAD: 155140 0,72€

1 x Stripboard

CONRAD: 529531

 2,19€
2 x PCB Connector 2 pins CONRAD: 1192188 à 0,28€ 0,56€ 
Total:  69,18€

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Check out this video tutorial to understand

A GREAT video tutorial to watch for understanding about the used “Voltage Regulator Chip LM317T“:

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First tests without the transformer

I propose to make the first test(s) without the transformer; by using a 9 Volts battery! This to make sure that there isn’t any mistake on the wiring as a short-circuit could cause damage!! Check photo below please:

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Test with 9 Volts battery

Click image please to enlarge

 

Using a copy of the schematics and a pen to erase the done connections already; this allows to keep an eye on how far one is…

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marking connections made

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Safety FIRST as WE are working with 230 Volts!!

549px-iso_7010_w012-svgI will propose two different projects, one for NEWBIES and one for advanced users! NEWBIES will NOT solder the transformer on the stripboard, BUT will connect it to the stripboard by <===> Safety FIRST rules <===> and advanced users could solder it on the stripboard by respecting these Safety rules! WE will use ALSO heat-shrinking tubes to insulate ALL the components where 230 Volts is connected to assume that nobody could touch them to avoid electrical shock by touching!!!

Learn more about heat-shrinking tubes:

 

I am NOT the guy WHO follows any rules, BUT THESE ONE I follow myself ALSO as it is mandatory!! YOUR life and/or the life of OTHERS could be in danger if NOT followed!!! SO, take YOUR responsibility, please 😉 Well, enough blabla, let us have a look WHY:

Learn more:

Check photos below please:

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Heat-shrinking tubes on transformer before shrinking

Click image please to enlarge.

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Heat-shrinking tubes on transformer after shrinking

Click image please to enlarge

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Let us protect and ALSO our workbench with a plastic underground (plastic is insulating…), check below please:

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Protecting and insulating workbench

Click above image please to enlarge it.

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Two different projects, one for NEWBIES and one for advanced users: thus meaning; NEWBIES will NOT solder the transformer on the stripboard, BUT fixing and connecting it apart! Advanced users will be able to solder the transformer on the stripboard by taking care of safety rules, check above image please for connected transformer on the stripboard and image below please for transformer connected with wires to the stripboard .

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Transformer connected outside the stripboard

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Building UP from the beginning a system for wiring

WE have two different possibilities for the wiring and connection of the components on the stripboard:

  1. Using really wiring with colored insulated wires
  2. Using ONLY the copper strips on the stripboard to make the connections
  3. OR using both as I did in above; one red colored wire was used to make a connection…

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WHEN WE use the wiring with colored insulated wires, we need to have a system in it, let us define UP from the beginning which colors mean WHAT! I propose this:

  • Red for the “PLUS” of DC Power Supply
  • Blue for the “Minus” (Ground) of DC Power Supply
  • Green for the connections of AC
  • White or blank silver wire for bridges on the stripboard: connections from one component to the other…

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List of free electronics circuit simulators

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ltspice-tutorial-simulator

Click image please to access the video

Nowadays WE have the chance to profit from FREE Simulator software to examine the How-To circuits work, please find below some useful links:

 

Please check below for useful articles on Software:

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Learn more:


Next steps to come

Well, first build the above and finish it! Later WE will bring in ALSO some test points (soldering them on the stripboard) for measuring the voltage on different points and we will solder as well on the stripboard some more components to protect out project against short circuits, an electronic fuse with ONLY five (5) components. WE, once finished the above mentioned will then go for mechanical works as the whole will get fit into an enclosure. There will be then a bit drilling, rasping and…

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Some electronics projects made +/- 25-30 years ago, check video below please 😉 I stopped tinkering around for the peace of our conjugal life, well wife was right! I had to much hobbies; NOW I am retired and I have too much time, SO I started again…

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Keywords necessary for me to create this blog post: Learning about alternative current (AC), Direct current (DC), Zenerdiodes, Voltage regulators, 7809, LM317T, Panelmeter, Digital Voltmeter, testing, measuring, test points, potentiometer, variable resistors, capacitors, electrolytic capacitors, LCD Display…

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GUST-AVRIL2014-800px-2L’auteur Gust MEES est Formateur andragogique / pédagogique TIC, membre du “Comité Conseil” de “Luxembourg Safer Internet” (LuSI), appelé maintenant BEESECURE, partenaire officiel (consultant) du Ministère de l’éducation au Luxembourg du projet  ”MySecureIT“, partenaire officiel du Ministère du Commerce au Luxembourg du projet ”CASES” (Cyberworld Awareness and Security Enhancement Structure). L’auteur était aussi gagnant d’un concours en électronique en 1979 ( Pays germaniques ) et voyait son projet publié dans le magazine électronique “ELO”.


The author Gust MEES is ICT Course Instructor, ”Member of the Advisory Board” from “Luxembourg Safer Internet” (LuSI), BEESECURE, Official Partner (Consultant) from the Ministry of Education in Luxembourg, project “MySecureIT“, Official Partner from the Ministry of Commerce in Luxembourg, project “CASES” (Cyberworld Awareness and Security Enhancement Structure).

The author was also a winner of an electronics contest (Germanic countries) in 1979 and got his project published in the “Electronics Magazine ELO”).

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Stay tuned for next blog post(s) 😉

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Maker-First Steps in Electronics, the basics

Maker-First Steps in Electronics, the basics

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first-steps-on-electronics-fritzing-layout-strip-board-print-out-sheet

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Where to start?

platine-hartpapier

Strip-Board

I propose to work with system when WE use strip-boards; thus meaning: preparing them ALL the same way. Any electronics project will need a power supply, so WE will start with the power supply which will mostly be a 9 Volt battery. WE will use the outside strips to connect them to plus and minus and WE will ALSO provide a diode (1N4007) to protect against polarity reversal. As a newbie in electronics this might be the best way to protect you to destroy the electronic parts if + and – would get reversed 😉 With normal rectifier diodes the power supply voltage will typically drop by 0.8 volts. WE will have then ONLY 8.2 Volts which is enough in most cases.

WE will solder also a PCB-Connector (Printed Circuit Board Connector) where we can feed the strip-board with the power supply.

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SO, as WE will solder a bit, it will be also a soldering training before we start on more serious projects later 😉

Check below please how the finished project will look, which we will discuss in detail on the How-To. WE use a 100 mm x 75 mm strip-board (CONRAD 529531 – 62  for 2,19€).

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Strip-Board-Power Supply

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First steps in electronics

Necessary material

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screw-terminal-2-pins.

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In above image I used a 2 pin screw terminal from CONRAD (1192188 – 62) for 0,28€ and for the wire I choose from a “Wire Kit from Velleman” (60 m from different colors).

  • full core, 0.2mm²
  • colours: 5 metres : white / blue / brown / green / yellow / orange / grey / violet + 10 metres : black / red
  • external diameter: 1.4 mm
  • max. voltage: 60 V
  • max. current: 4.3 A
  • PVC insulation
  • tinned CU
  • AWG24

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abbiegevorrichtung.

To make sure to have proper bent edges; I suggest to bend the diode (1N4007) over the left-hand side shown “Wire Bender” (CONRAD 425869 – 62  at 3,29€).

 

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First start to solder the 2 pin screw terminal in the middle of the strip-board, followed by the diode (1N4007). Now measure the distance and cut the wires. For the red wire (Plus) it will be 4 cm (3 cm distance), the blue wire (Minus) will be 6 cm (5 cm distance). Take the electronics cutter and strip off o,5 cm of the insulation at each end and bend it. Put it into the holes in the strip-board and solder it. P.S.: WE will use the red wire for the Plus (+) and the blue wire for the Minus (-) of the power supply; that are internationally conventions in electronics. Sometimes for the Minus (-) is also used the black color (see 9 Volt battery clip).

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strip-board and wire lengths.

Solder the wires and cut off the stick out wire close to the soldering with the electronics cutter.

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Solder side

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Strip-board solder side

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Solder side

Click the above image please to enlarge it

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Cutting off stick out wire

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dsc_0504

Click the above image please to enlarge it

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Disconnect the upper strips from the lower

strips by breaking the copper with

a 4,5 mm HSS drill

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dsc_0503

Click the above image please to enlarge it

 

Selfmade stripboard cutter

with a grill handle

and an 4.5 mm HSS drill

Selfmade stripboard cutter

Click image please to enlarge

 

When WE want to start with electronics there is a little bit theory to learn as well; in electronics there are special symbols who get used in schematics. Any component (even a battery) has its own symbol. In the following tutorials and projects, WE will learn by easy step-by-step WHAT they are and HOW to make OUR PracTICE (to GET used to it…) with them. I am certainly NOT a friend of learning by heart, BUT symbols need to get learned that way to understand schematics of electronics!

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Symbols used in this tutorial: battery, resistors, LEDs and diodes…

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battery-symbols

Battery symbols

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diodes-symbols

Diode symbols

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resistor-symbols

Resistor symbols

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led-symbols

LED symbols

Learn more:

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Strip-Board tutorial with Fritzing

Here below a small description about the How-To to work with strip-boards in general:

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After viewing the above tutorial YOU will understand. The above tutorial uses the FREE software “Fritzing” which WE will use as well in the next blog posts; you can download it here:

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Wiring and soldering on the strip-board

Here the wiring and soldering on the strip-board, as well as the parts list:

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first-steps-on-electronics-fritzing-layout-strip-board

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resistor-color-chartAs You have remarked, I added ALSO a resistor and a LED (Light-Emitting Diode); the red (could also bee a green one) LED is lightning when the power supply (9 Volt battery) is connected. SO, YOU might solder the two components (330 Ohm resistor and LED) as well, not mandatory BUT it will give YOU a bit more training on soldering and alerts YOU to NOT solder when it is on!! NEVER work on whatever project with connected (switched on) power supply <===> Safety first!

WHY has the resistor a value of 330 Ohm?

In above example we used a 5 mm red LED with this characteristics: 2.25 Volt and 20 mA current (that’s the maximum values which DON’T have to become higher otherwise the LED will get destroyed) and as power supply we use a 9 Volts battery.  WE will use the “Online Calculator” to calculate the value of the resistor. First let us do some mental calculation, there WE DON’T need any calculator. WE have a 9 Volts battery and the LED will have maximum 2.25 Volts, so “9 V – 2.25 V = 6.75 V” which needs to get taken away from the LED to avoid destruction.

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led-series-resistor-calculator-330-ohm

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THAT value of 337.5 Ohms doesn’t exist! Resistors are manufactured by following <===> In 1952 the IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) decided to define the resistance and tolerance values into a norm, to ease the mass manufacturing of resistors. These are referred to as preferred values or E-series, and they are published in standard IEC 60063:1963. These standard values are also valid for other components like capacitors, inductors and Zener diodes. The preferred values for resistors were established in 1952, but the concept of the geometric series was already introduced by army engineer Renard in the 1870s.

By checking the below link, WE will see that the closest value is 330 Ohm. BTW: The symbol for “Ohm” is “Ω“; SO, we write 330 Ω. Tip: You find it in the “Special Characters” in any editing software.

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Read more http://www.resistorguide.com/resistor-values/

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In the above website is a video integrated which explains very well about the How-To of that norm, give it a try.

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framing-in-educationMY experience described in ONLY some phrases: Give the LEARNers, students (whatever age) the freedom of LEARNing without squeezing THEM into a FRAME and concentrate on guiding them as a coach by analyzing THEIR behavior and show them the How-To to become self-directed learners, autodidacts. SHOW THEM ALSO up from the beginning WHAT THE <===> LEARNing Path <===> will be with design of it and explain THEM that they could design themselves it with a short introduction on the How-To. THEY will learn the ICT-PracTICE which will help them once out of the <===> #SchoolCocoon <===> to be ready for Life-Long LEARNing and to be able to adapt very quickly in the workforce! WHEN YOU show the LEARNers, students <===> WHAT the profit is for THEIR private life <===> YOU will engage them very quickly 😉 AND DON’T teach THEM more as necessary, propose them some links to go further ONLY for those who want!!

Check ALSO (Up from 11 years old, give THEM THE confidence THEY need to grow):

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WHAT’S my message and WHY did I create this blog post!?

Well, I will encourage all youth and also adults, seniors, oldies to become <===>Life-Long LEARNers <===> and staying Up-To-Date with their knowledge, especially concerning their skills in ICT, called NOW <===> #eSkills <===>! In the modern world YOU will change YOUR job probably +/- 12 times in YOUR working career, it is very rare to stay life-long in the same job and/or same company!!! SO… The workforce is looking for people with ICT skills which YOU mostly didn’t learn at school, right!? 

Bring in YOUR kids to such creative makerplaces WHERE THEY can develop (and perhaps parents as well…) THEIR creativity and GET interested in something WHICH could boost THEIR interest into ICT in their future 😉

YOU won’t have (mostly) the time to learn by visiting courses, right!? START to become Life-Long LEARNers by LEARNing on YOUR OWN pace, by becoming <===> Autodidacts <===> Self-Directed LEARNers. YOU are able to, I did it, so can YOU!? 😉

I found a job because of my ICT eSkills and I am STILL LEARNing on a daily base routine for being Up-To Date with my <===> Professional Development <===>, even being retired NOW! THE pleasure of LEARNing!

I did THE <===> ICT PracTICE <===> and THAT’S WHAT the workforce needs!!!


 Due to my eSkills I could share my knowledge AND expertise ALSO with the below mentioned as well as to a broad range of visitors from around the globe! 

Check out my blog posts:

AND check my profile below as well, at the bottom of this blog post please! 😉

 

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OHM’s Law, resistors and LEDs

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led-symbols

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Learn more:

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led-symbols-anode-and-cathode.

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Practical Tip: LEDs are transparent, so the Cathode (Minus) looks always a bit larger as the Anode (Plus).

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When working with electronics WE need to learn a bit theory and mathematics, BUT DON’T worry, it is very easy! First of all which is mandatory, is the “OHM’s Law“. YOU DON’T need to calculate! 😉 There is an online calculator who will do the job for YOU! Click the image below please to access the online calculator and play a bit around with it to get used to it, have fun.

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ohms-law-calculator

Click the image please to access the online calculator

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Useful online help:

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The schematics of our project

Here below the schematics where YOU will see how the components are represented; YOU will remark that ANY component gets represented with its part number as well, apart from the battery.

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first-steps-on-electronics-schematics-1

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LED’s explained in German in a Video Tutorial

Please check the video tutorial below, in Deutsch:

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Print out this sheet for YOUR PracTICE

Here below THE sheet for PracTICE, ALL the necessary stuff is on it to make sure that the project will be successful. Print it out please and give it to YOUR learners, as well for YOU 😉

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first-steps-on-electronics-fritzing-layout-strip-board-print-out-sheet

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Have FUN and stay tuned for the next tutorials about electronics 😉

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GUST-AVRIL2014-800px-2L’auteur Gust MEES est Formateur andragogique / pédagogique TIC, membre du “Comité Conseil” de “Luxembourg Safer Internet” (LuSI), appelé maintenant BEESECURE, partenaire officiel (consultant) du Ministère de l’éducation au Luxembourg du projet  ”MySecureIT“, partenaire officiel du Ministère du Commerce au Luxembourg du projet ”CASES” (Cyberworld Awareness and Security Enhancement Structure). L’auteur était aussi gagnant d’un concours en électronique en 1979 ( Pays germaniques ) et voyait son projet publié dans le magazine électronique “ELO”.


The author Gust MEES is ICT Course Instructor, ”Member of the Advisory Board” from “Luxembourg Safer Internet” (LuSI), BEESECURE, Official Partner (Consultant) from the Ministry of Education in Luxembourg, project “MySecureIT“, Official Partner from the Ministry of Commerce in Luxembourg, project “CASES” (Cyberworld Awareness and Security Enhancement Structure).

The author was also a winner of an electronics contest (Germanic countries) in 1979 and got his project published in the “Electronics Magazine ELO”).

.

Stay tuned for next blog post(s) 😉

.

.

 

 
 

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,